Smart Home Selection Guide
Today, many of us think that a smart home is a complex system that requires repairs in the home. In fact, progress does not stand still and there are wireless systems on the market that are ready to turn your ordinary home into a “smart” one in a matter of minutes, and at the same time, that do not require advanced technical knowledge and repair work from you. Management takes place from a smartphone or tablet.
“Smart home” – a control system and automation of engineering systems at home. This system can control heating, ventilation, turning on the light, and also perform the functions of an alarm system about unauthorized entry into the house or leakage of water to the floor. All these functions are implemented using special sensors connected to the hub (control device). The hub processes signals from sensors and sends commands to devices performers.
What can a smart home do?
First of all, we note the surveillance and control. With a camera that connects directly to the router, you will be able to observe what is happening in the house, Villa or office using your smartphone. Most models are equipped with a rotating mechanism which allows you to remotely rotate the camera 360 degrees horizontally, and a built-in microphone and speaker provide an opportunity to hear and communicate with their loved ones. Camcorders have the ability to record video either on a memory card, hard disk, or when you connect to the HQ (hub) to the cloud.
Using management systems to control and regulate every source of light in the room. That is, without leaving the bedroom or office, you can turn off the lights in the house or leave the subtle lighting in the hallway. Even at a distance, you can easily control the lighting system.
In addition to video surveillance and lighting system, smart home is able to maintain climate parameters: humidity, temperature, regular airing. The system selects and includes the necessary power of the cooling system and other devices to make owners comfortable. The system automatically lowers the blinds and closes the Windows.
For home control systems you can register a kind of scenarios. To arrival at the Villa for the owner filled the Jacuzzi or warm up in the sauna, provides ventilation, and air conditioning. Thanks to the installed sensors the system will control the lighting, temperature and humidity in all zones.
Equally important is the monitoring of security systems, for that too will ensure a smart home. He immediately sent a message to the phone owner if there has been an invasion of the territory or received information about fire danger. The message will also be sent to the owner in the event of smoke or water leaks. Upon receipt of the signal on the return of the owners of the system include lighting, air conditioners, appliances. The house can respond to your emergency situation: cut off the pipelines to turn off the electricity when the risk of fire, to block a child’s inclusion of dangerous appliances.
What is smart home
The heart of the system is the control center (hub) next to the control center. It is the control center that unites all sensors and devices, and also allows you to create various scenarios. The control unit communicates with sensors and devices using several wireless communication protocols. Typically, the following standards are used: Wi-Fi, RF, Z-Wave, Bluetooth, etc.
Wi-Fi devices can work without a central control unit and connect directly to a router. These devices can be controlled directly from a mobile phone or tablet.
Wireless RF sensors operate on various batteries, and provide wireless data transmission. These sensors can be classified as security.
The system also uses the so-called relays, which provide the main part of automation: lighting, control of household appliances, gate control, watering, etc. These devices operate on the 869 MHz Z-Wave protocol.
Basic data transfer protocols
As you already know, there are various communication protocols between sensors and devices. Here we want to tell you about the most basic communication standards.
- Wi-Fi 2.4 GHz
The main advantage of devices running on the Wi-Fi protocol is the ability to connect directly to a router without a central office (hub). To control these devices, just connect them to your router and download the mobile application. Also, it is precisely to these devices that RF security sensors can be connected, which are indicated below.
- RF 433 MHz
Basically, various wireless sensors work on this protocol, from which operational information about events occurring in the house is received. This protocol has one of the maximum range – 100 meters in open space. Batteries allow these devices to work up to 2 years. Sensors on the RF protocol must be connected to executing devices, such as: a central office or Wi-Fi.
- Z-Wave 869 MHz
This is an international standard for wireless communications, using different frequencies in different countries. In Indonesia, the official frequency is 869 MHz. Devices running on the Z-Wave protocol must be connected only to the control center (hub). The range of devices is 30 meters in open space. The advantage of this standard is the relay function, that is, devices can transmit data through each other.
To control Smart Home you need to download a free mobile application. In this application, two control options will be available to you.
1st option, “Create a new home”. In this case, you will need to create your own home and connect various devices to it to choose from according to your needs.
2nd option, “By invitation”. You do not have to create your own house to manage it. It is enough to receive an invitation to it. The invitation is available in 2 versions: by reference and QR code. Invitations can be configured for different access times.
There are several ways to manage an automated system. The easiest and most advanced using your smartphone or tablet, where each key (slider) will correspond to the device or mean a sequence of actions that must be performed. By installing a mobile application, you can remotely see and fully control your system. Using your smartphone, you can also view CCTV cameras and chat with your loved ones.
It’s very convenient to manage your home through the World Wide Web. At any convenient time, the owner can find out about the condition of the house and the presence of people on the premises. The system can also be controlled by voice.
In Smart Homes, voice control is provided for both individual components of the system and entire scenarios. For example, if you want to turn off the chandelier in the living room, then you just need to say the “magic” phrase – “Turn off the chandelier in the living room”, and the light will go out in the living room. If, when leaving home, you want to turn off all the lights in one sentence, you will need to run a whole scenario to turn off all the lighting devices. To do this, it is enough to say a short phrase – “I’m leaving home”, and all appliances and lighting will be turned off.
In order to simplify the first acquaintance with a smart home, and remove the price barrier, the system provides for the so-called Decentralization. With the help of decentralization, it becomes possible to connect Wi-Fi devices directly to a router (without a central control unit) and manage these devices directly from a mobile application.
Also, some Wi-Fi devices with Smart Link technology can connect RF security sensors directly (without DU). After connecting sensors using Smart Link technology, executing devices will be able to execute simple scripts and send alerts. For example, if you connect the opening sensor to the camcorder, then when the sensor is triggered, the camera will take a screenshot or start shooting video. You will also receive a notification if water gets into the connected water leakage sensor.
The benefits of smart home
One of the main advantages of the smart home system is a single mobile application that combines the management of all the organs of the system. The unified system includes 7 main areas: video surveillance, management and control of energy saving, lighting control, control and protection against leakage, fire alarm system, climate control, household appliances control. Each of these areas has its own advantages.
All components of the smart home system work in concert. For example, when the window is open, the air conditioner will not turn on, if an outsider enters the yard, the light will turn on, and if a leak is detected, the system will send an alert to the smartphone and block the water supply.
Managing all devices is very easy – just have a smartphone or tablet. Using a smartphone or tablet, the owner will be able to read all the instructions necessary for proper house control, give commands to the system and monitor their implementation.
There is no monthly fee, you only pay for equipment once!
Smart home equipment works independently. For example, the air conditioning system and radiators themselves will turn on and off to maintain a given temperature. And the light on the site without any reminders will light up in the evening, and go out at dawn.